Fundamental Properties of the Layer Below a Payment Channel Network
4th International Workshop on Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology (CBT'20)
- Datum: 17. September 2020
Payment channel networks are a highly discussed approach for improving scalability of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. As they allow processing transactions off-chain, payment channel networks are referred to as second layer technology, while the blockchain is the first layer. We uncouple payment channel networks from blockchains and look at them as first-class citizens. This brings up the question what model payment channel networks require as first layer. In response, we formalize a model (called RFL model) for a first layer below a payment channel network. While transactions are globally made available by a blockchain, the RFL model only provides the reduced property that a transaction is delivered to the users being affected by a transaction. We show that the reduced model’s properties still suffice to implement payment channels. By showing that the RFL model can not only be instantiated by the Bitcoin blockchain but also by trusted third parties like banks, we show that the reduction widens the design space for the first layer. Further, we show that the stronger property provided by blockchains allows for optimizations that can be used to reduce the time for locking collateral during payments over multiple hops in a payment channel network.